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Warthog Tutorials

Warthog Overview


Clearpath Robotics Warthog is a rugged, all-terrain unmanned ground vehicle. These tutorials will assist you with setting up and operating your Warthog. The tutorial topics are listed in the right column and presented in the suggested reading order.

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These tutorials assume that you are comfortable working with ROS. We recommend starting with our ROS tutorial if you are not familiar with ROS already.


These tutorials specifically target Warthog robots running Ubuntu 20.04 with ROS Noetic, as it is the standard OS environment for Warthog. If instead you have an older Warthog robot running Ubuntu 18.04 with ROS Melodic, please follow this tutorial to upgrade the robot OS environment to Ubuntu 20.04 with ROS Noetic.

Warthog ROS Packages provides the references for the software packages and key ROS topics.

Warthog Software Setup outlines the steps for setting up the software on your Warthog robot and optionally on a remote computer.

Using Warthog describes how to simulate and drive your Warthog. Simulation is a great way for most users to learn more about their Warthog; understanding how to effectively operate Warthog in simulation is valuable whether you are in the testing phase with software you intend to ultimately deploy on a physical Warthog or you do not have one and are simply exploring the platform's capabilities. Driving Warthog covers how to teleoperate Warthog using the remote control, as well as safety procedures for operating the physical robot. Anyone working with a physical robot should be familiar with this section.

Warthog Tests outlines how to validate that your physical Warthog is working correctly.

Advanced Topics covers items that are only required in atypical situations.

Warthog ROS Packages

Warthog fully supports ROS; all of the packages are available in Warthog Github.

Description Package

The warthog_description repository provides a URDF model of Warthog.

Warthog's URDF model can be visualized in RViz. Once you have installed the desktop software in an upcoming tutorial, you will be able to run:

roslaunch warthog_viz view_model.launch
Warthog model

Environment Variables

Warthog can be customized and extended through the use of several environment variables. The details are in the warthog_description repository. Some of the most important ones are listed below.

WARTHOG_ARM_MOUNT0If enabled, a link called "arm_mount_link" will be created on the bulkhead
WARTHOG_BULKHEAD0Switch for enabling a large, rigid bulkhead on the front of the warthog for mount accessories like arms
WARTHOG_IMU_RPY0 0 0Compound rotations in radians of the IMU
WARTHOG_IMU_XYX0 0 0Position of the IMU in meters
WARTHOG_JOY_TELEOP0Switch to enable teleop control of the platform
WARTHOG_NAVSAT_SMART60Is the platform equipped with a Smart7 GPS?
WARTHOG_NAVSAT_SMART6_BAUD57600Sets the baud rate for serial communication with the GPS module
WARTHOG_NAVSAT_SMART6_MOUNTnavsatThe mount on the robot model that the GPS antenna is mounted to. See the Warthog URDF and WARTHOG_URDF_EXTRAS for more details on mount points.
WARTHOG_NAVSAT_SMART6_OFFSET0 0 0Position of the Smart 6 GPS in meters
WARTHOG_NAVSAT_SMART6_PORT/dev/ttyS1The serial port that the GPS module communicates over
WARTHOG_NAVSAT_SMART6_RPY0 0 0Compound rotations in radians of the Smart 6 GPS
WARTHOG_OFFBOARD_STOPfalseIs a remote e-stop setup on the platform?
WARTHOG_TRACKS0Used to specify that Warthog is equipped with tracks instead of wheels
WARTHOG_TWIST_MUX_EXTRAS0Add additional sources to be controlled by the twise mux of the platform
WARTHOG_URDF_EXTRASempty.urdfPath to a URDF file with additional modules connected to the robot


As an alternative to individually specifying each accessory, some fixed configurations are provided in the package. These can be specified using the config arg to description.launch, and are intended especially as a convenience for simulation launch.

arm_mountIncludes mounting points for am arm payload
baseBase Warthog, includes IMU and GPS
bulkheadIncludes a mounting point for additional payload options
emptyIncludes no accessories at all

Key ROS Topics

You can view all topics that are active using rostopic list. The most important topics are summarized in the table below.

TopicMessage TypePurpose
/cmd_velgeometry_msgs/TwistInput to Warthog's kinematic controller. Publish here to make Warthog go.
/odometry/filterednav_msgs/OdometryPublished by robot_localization, a filtered localization estimate based on wheel odometry (encoders) and integrated IMU.
/imu/datasensor_msgs/IMUPublished by imu_filter_madgwick, an orientation estimate based on Warthog's internal gyroscope, accelerometer, and magnetometer.
/statuswarthog_msgs/StatusLow-frequency status data for Warthog's systems. This information is republished in human readable form on the diagnostics topic and is best consumed with the Robot Monitor.
/cmd_lightswarthog_msgs/LightsInput to controlling the Warthog's body lights when not in an error state.
/SIDE/speedstd_msgs/Float64Input velocity for each motor where SIDE is either left or right. This should not be published to directly, commands from /cmd_vel will be converted to this.
/SIDE/status/speedstd_msgs/Float64Reported velocity from each motor's encoder where SIDE is either left or right.
/SIDE/status/faultstd_msgs/BoolReported state from each motor controller where SIDE is either left or right.
/SIDE/status/motor_temperaturestd_msgs/Int32Reported temperature from each motor controller where SIDE is either left or right.
Warthog node and topic connections

Warthog Software Setup

Backing Up Robot Configuration

Upgrading your Clearpath Warthog to ROS Noetic from older ROS distributions is a straightforward process; however it's important to understand that each Warthog is different, having undergone customization to your specifications. For more complete upgrade instructions see this guide.

Please take the time to understand what these modifications are, and how to recreate them on your fresh install of Ubuntu Focal/ROS Noetic.

Performing a Backup

  1. As a fail-safe, please make an image of your robot's hard drive. You should always be able to restore this image if you need to revert back to your previous configuration.

    • The easiest approach may be to either connect a removable (USB or similar) hard drive to the robot's computer, or to unplug the robot's hard drive and insert it into a computer or workstation.
    • You can then use a tool such as CloneZilla or dd to write a backup image of your robot's hard drive onto another hard drive.
    • Alternatively, you can simply replace the robot computer's hard drive, reserving the drive and installing a new one to use with Noetic.
  2. There are several places in the filesystem you should specifically look for customizations for your robot:

    /etc/network/interfaces or /etc/netplan/*Your robot may have a custom network configuration in this file.
    /etc/ros/*/*-core.d/*.launchWill contain base.launch and description.launch, may contain custom launch files for your robot configuration. Replaced by ros.d in newer versions.
    /etc/ros/*/ros.d/*.launchWill contain base.launch and description.launch, may contain custom launch files for your robot configuration. Replaces *-core.d in newer versions.
    /etc/ros/setup.bashMay contain environment variables for your configuration.
  3. Please save all the files listed above and use them as a reference during Noetic configuration.

Installing and Configuring Robot Software


If you are upgrading your Warthog from an older version of ROS, please refer to our upgrade instructions here and here.

Installing Warthog Software


The physical Warthog robot comes pre-configured with ROS and the necessary Warthog packages already installed; therefore, you will only need to follow the instructions below if you are re-installing software on the Warthog.

There are three methods to install software on the physical robot.

The preferred method is using the Clearpath Robotics ISO image, which is covered in this section.

The second method is using Debian (.deb) packages, which is also covered in this section.

The final approach is installing from source by directly cloning Clearpath Robotics Github repositories and building them in your ROS (catkin) workspace; however, this method is not covered in this section.

Install from ISO Image

Installing with the Clearpath Robotics ISO image will completely wipe data on the robot's computer, since the ISO image will install Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal), ROS Noetic, and robot-specific packages.


The Clearpath Robotics ISO image only targets Intel-family computers (amd64 architecture). If your robot runs on an Nvidia Jetson computer, see Jetson Software for software installation details.

Clearpath provides a lightly customized installation image of Ubuntu 20.04 "Focal" that automatically pulls in all necessary dependencies for the robot software. To install the software on a physical robot through the Clearpath Robotics ISO image, you will first need a USB drive of at least 2 GB to create the installation media, an ethernet cable, a monitor, and a keyboard.

  1. Download the appropriate Noetic ISO image for your platform.

  2. Copy the image to a USB drive using unetbootin, rufus, balena etcher, or a similar program. For example:

    sudo unetbootin isofile="clearpath-universal-noetic-amd64-0.4.17.iso"
  3. Connect your robot computer to internet access (via wired Ethernet), a keyboard, and a monitor. Make sure that the robot is connected to shore power (where applicable) or that the robot's battery is fully charged.


    The next step wipes your robot's hard drive, so make sure you have that image backed up.

  4. Boot your robot computer from the USB drive and let the installer work its magic. If asked for a partitioning method choose Guided - use entire disk and set up LVM.


    You may need to configure the computer's BIOS to prioritize booting from the USB drive. On most common motherboards, pressing Delete during the initial startup will open the BIOS for configuration.

  5. The setup process will be automated and may take a long time depending on the speed of your internet connection.

  6. Once the setup process is complete, the computer will turn off. Please unplug the USB drive and turn the computer back on.

  7. On first boot, the username will be administrator and the password will be clearpath. You should use the passwd utility to change the administrator account password.

  8. To set up a factory-standard robot, ensure all your peripherals are plugged in, and run the following command, which will configure a ros upstart service, that will bring up the base robot launch files on boot. The script will also detect any standard peripherals (IMU, GPS, etc.) you have installed and add them to the service.

    rosrun husky_bringup install
    sudo systemctl daemon-reload
  9. Finally, start ROS for the first time. In terminal, run:

    sudo systemctl start ros
Installing from Debian Packages

If you are installing software on a physical robot through Debian packages, you will first need to ensure that the robot's computer is running Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal) and ROS Noetic.

  1. Before you can install the robot packages, you need to configure Ubuntu's APT package manager to add Clearpath's package server.

    1. Install the authentication key for the repository. In terminal, run:

      wget -O - | sudo apt-key add -
    2. Add the debian sources for the repository. In terminal, run:

      sudo sh -c 'echo "deb $(lsb_release -cs) main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/clearpath-latest.list'
    3. Update your computer's package cache. In terminal, run:

      sudo apt-get update
  2. After the robot's computer is configured to use Clearpath's debian package repository, you can install the robot-specific packages.

    1. On a physical robot, you should only need the robot packages. In terminal, run:

      sudo apt-get install ros-noetic-husky-robot
    2. Install the robot_upstart job and configure the bringup service so that ROS will launch each time the robot starts. In terminal, run:

      rosrun husky_bringup install
      sudo systemctl daemon-reload
    3. Finally, start ROS for the first time. In terminal, run:

      sudo systemctl start ros

Testing Base Configuration

You can check that the service has started correctly by checking the logs:

sudo journalctl -u ros

Your Warthog should now be accepting commands from your joystick (see next section). The service will automatically start each time you boot your Warthog's computer.

Setting up Warthog's Network Configuration

Warthog is normally equipped with a combination Wi-Fi + Bluetooth module. If this is your first unboxing, ensure that Warthog's wireless antennae are firmly screwed onto the chassis.

First Connection

By default, Warthog's Wi-Fi is in client mode, looking for the wireless network at the Clearpath factory.

Set your laptop's ethernet port to a static IP such as To do this in Ubuntu, follow the steps below:

  1. Click on the Wi-Fi icon in the upper-right corner of your screen, and select Edit Connections.
  2. In the Network Connections window, under Ethernet, select your wired connection and then click Edit.
  3. Select the IPv4 Settings tab and then change the Method to Manual.
  4. Click the Add button to add a new address.
  5. Enter a as the static IP under the Address column, and enter under the Netmask column, and then select Save.
Static IP Configuration (Ubuntu)

The next step is to connect to your robot via SSH. To do so execute the following in a terminal window:

ssh administrator@

You will be promoted to enter a password. The default password is clearpath and you set a new password on first connection.

Changing the Default Password


All Clearpath robots ship from the factory with their login password set to clearpath. Upon receipt of your robot we recommend changing the password.

To change the password to log into your robot, run the following command:


This will prompt you to enter the current password, followed by the new password twice. While typing the passwords in the passwd prompt there will be no visual feedback (e.g. "*" characters).

To further restrict access to your robot you can reconfigure the robot's SSH service to disallow logging in with a password and require SSH certificates to log in. This tutorial covers how to configure SSH to disable password-based login.

Wi-Fi Setup

Now that you are connected via SSH over a wired connection using the steps above, you can set up your robot's computer (running Ubuntu 20.04) to connect to a local Wi-Fi network. (For legacy systems running Ubuntu 18.04, use wicd-curses instead.)

Clearpath robots running Ubuntu 20.04 and later use netplan for configuration of their wired and wireless interfaces. To connect your robot to your wireless network using netplan, create the file /etc/netplan/60-wireless.yaml and fill in the following:

# Replace WIRELESS_INTERFACE with the name of the wireless network device, e.g. wlan0 or wlp3s0
# Fill in the SSID and PASSWORD fields as appropriate. The password may be included as plain-text
# or as a password hash. To generate the hashed password, run
# echo -n 'WIFI_PASSWORD' | iconv -t UTF-16LE | openssl md4 -binary | xxd -p
# If you have multiple wireless cards you may include a block for each device.
# For more options, see
optional: true
dhcp4: true
send-hostname: true

Modify the following variables in the file:

  1. Replace WIRELESS_INTERFACE with the name of the robot's Wi-Fi interface (e.g. wlan0, wlp2s0, or wlp3s0).
  2. Replace SSID_GOES_HERE with the name of the local Wi-Fi network.
  3. Replace PASSWORD_GOES_HERE with the password of the local Wi-Fi network.

Once you are done modifying the file, save it by pressing CTRL + O, then ENTER. Close the file by pressing CTRL + X.

Then, run the following to bring up the Wi-Fi connection:

sudo netplan apply

You can validate that the connection was successful and determine the IP address of the Wi-Fi interface by running:

ip a

A list of network connections will be displayed within the terminal. Locate the wireless network and make note of its IP address.

Now that you know robot's wireless IP address, you may now exit the Ethernet SSH session by executing exit.

Remove the Ethernet cable and close up your robot. Now you can SSH into your robot over the wireless network. To do so, execute:

ssh administrator@<IP_OF_ROBOT>

SSH sessions allow you to control your robot's internal computer. You can do various things such as download packages, run updates, add/remove files, transfer files etc.

Installing Remote Computer Software


This step is optional.

It is often convenient to use a Remote Computer (eg. laptop) to command and observe your robot. To do this, your Remote Computer must be configured correctly.

  1. Perform a basic ROS installation. See here for details.

  2. Install the desktop packages:

    sudo apt-get install ros-noetic-husky-desktop
  3. Configure Remote ROS Connectivity.

    Click to expand

    To use ROS desktop tools, you will need the Remote Computer to be able to connect to your robot's ROS master. This will allow you to run ROS commands like rostopic list, rostopic echo, rosnode list, and others, from the Remote Computer and the output will reflect the activity on your robot's ROS master, rather than on the Remote Computer. This can be a tricky process, but we have tried to make it as simple as possible.

    In order for the ROS tools on the Remote Computer to talk to your robot, they need to know two things:

    • How to find the ROS master, which is set in the ROS_MASTER_URI environment variable, and
    • How processes on the ROS master can find the Remote Computer, which is the ROS_IP environment variable.

    The suggested pattern is to create a file in your home directory called with the following contents:

    export ROS_MASTER_URI=http://cpr-robot-0001:11311 # Your robot's hostname
    export ROS_IP= # Your Remote Computer's wireless IP address

    If your network does not already resolve your robot's hostname to its wireless IP address, you may need to add a corresponding line to the Remote Computer's /etc/hosts file: cpr-robot-0001

    You can verify the hostname and IP address of your robot using the following commands during an SSH session with the Onboard Computer.

    hostname -i

    Then, when you are ready to communicate remotely with your robot, you can source that script like so, thus defining those two key environment variables in the present context.


    To verify that everything is set up properly, try running a few ROS commands:

    rosrun rqt_robot_monitor rqt_robot_monitor
    rosrun rqt_console rqt_console

    You can also run the RViz commands outlined in the Tutorials.

    If the tools launch, then everything is setup properly. If you still need assistance in configuring remote access, please contact Clearpath Support. For more general details on how ROS works over TCP with multiple machines, please see: For help troubleshooting a multiple machines connectivity issue, see:

  4. From your Remote Computer, try launching RViz, the standard ROS robot visualization tool:

    roslaunch husky_viz view_robot.launch

    From within RViz, you can use interactive markers to drive your robot, you can visualize its published localization estimate and you can visualize any attached sensors which have been added to its robot description XML URDF.

Adding a Source Workspace

Configuring non-standard peripherals requires a source workspace on the robot computer.


The instructions below use cpr_noetic_ws as the workspace name. You can choose a different workspace name and substitute it in the commands below.

  1. Create a new workspace:

    mkdir -p ~/cpr_noetic_ws/src
  2. Add any custom source packages to the ~/cpr_noetic_ws/src directory.

  3. After adding your packages, make sure any necessary dependencies are installed:

    cd ~/cpr_noetic_ws/
    rosdep install --from-paths src --ignore-src --rosdistro noetic -y
  4. Build the workspace:

    cd ~/cpr_noetic_ws/
  5. Modify your robot-wide setup file (/etc/ros/setup.bash) to source your new workspace instead of the base noetic install:

    source /home/administrator/cpr_noetic_ws/devel/setup.bash
  6. Reinitialize your environment so that it picks up your new workspace:

    source /etc/ros/setup.bash

Using Warthog

Simulating Warthog

Whether you actually have a Warthog robot or not, the Warthog simulator is a great way to get started with ROS robot development. In this tutorial, we will go through the basics of starting Gazebo and RViz and how to drive your Warthog around.


To get started with the Warthog simulation, make sure you have a working ROS installation set up on your Ubuntu desktop, and install the Warthog-specific metapackages for desktop and simulation:

sudo apt-get install ros-noetic-warthog-simulator ros-noetic-warthog-desktop

Launching Gazebo

Gazebo is the most common simulation tool used in ROS. Warthog's model in Gazebo include reasonable approximations of its dynamics, including wheel slippage, skidding, and inertia. To launch simulated Warthog in a simple example world, run the following command:

roslaunch warthog_gazebo warthog_world.launch

You should see the following window appear, or something like it. You will see a base Warthog spawned with no additional sensors. You can adjust the camera angle by clicking and dragging while holding CTRL, ALT, or the Shift key.

Simulated Warthog in Example World

The window which you are looking at is the Gazebo Client. This window shows you the "true" state of the simulated world which the robot exists in. It communicates on the backend with the Gazebo Server, which is doing the heavy lifting of actually maintaining the simulated world. At the moment, you are running both the client and server locally on your own machine, but some advanced users may choose to run heavy duty simulations on separate hardware and connect to them over the network.


When simulating, you must leave Gazebo running. Closing Gazebo will prevent other tools, such as RViz (see below) from working correctly.

Interfacing with Warthog

Both simulated and real Warthog robots expose the same ROS interface and can be interacted with in the same way.


Please make sure that the desktop packages for Warthog are installed:

sudo apt-get install ros-noetic-warthog-desktop

Launching RViz

The next tool we will encounter is RViz. Although superficially similar in appearance to Gazebo, RViz has a very different purpose. Unlike Gazebo, which shows the reality of the simulated world, RViz shows the robot's perception of its world, whether real or simulated. So while Gazebo won't be used with your real Warthog, RViz is used with both.

You can use the following launch invocation to start RViz with a predefined configuration suitable for visualizing any standard Warthog config.

roslaunch warthog_viz view_robot.launch

You should see RViz appear.

Warthog RViz

The RViz display only shows what the robot knows about its world, which presently, is nothing. Because the robot doesn't yet know about the barriers which exist in its Gazebo world, they are not shown here.

Driving with Interactive Controller

RViz will also show Warthog's interactive markers around your Warthog's model. These will appear as a blue ring and red arrows. Depending on your robot, there will also be green arrows. If you don't see them in your RViz display, select the Interact tool from the top toolbar and they should appear.

Drag the red arrows in RViz to move in the linear X direction, and the blue circle to move in the angular Z direction. If your robot supports lateral/sideways movement, you can drag the green arrows to move in the linear Y direction. RViz shows you Warthog moving relative to its odometric frame, but it is also moving relative to the simulated world supplied by Gazebo. If you click over to the Gazebo window, you will see Warthog moving within its simulated world. Or, if you drive real Warthog using this method, it will have moved in the real world.


There are three ways to send your Warthog control commands:

  1. Using the provided Fubata controller. Refer to the User Manual details on how to use the controller.

  2. Using the RViz instance above. If you select the Interact option in the top toolbar, an interactive marker will appear around the Warthog and can be used to control speed.

  3. The rqt_robot_steering plugin. Run the rqt command, and select Plugins→Robot Tools→Robot Steering from the top menu.

Warthog uses twist_mux to mix separate geometry_msgs\Twist control channels into the warthog_velocity_controller/cmd_vel topic.

Additional velocity channels can be defined in twist_mux.yaml, or can be piped into the lowest-priority cmd_vel topic.


Warthog publishes odometry information on the odometry/filtered topic, as nav_msgs/Odometry messages. These are generated by ekf_localization_node, which processes data from several sensor sources using an Extended Kalman filter (EKF). This includes data from the wheel encoders and IMU (if available).



Diagnostics are only applicable to real Warthog robots, not simulated ones.

Warthog provides hardware and software system diagnostics on the ROS standard /diagnostics topic. The best way to view these messages is using the rqt_runtime_monitor plugin. Run the rqt command, and select Plugins→Robot Tools→Runtime Monitor from the top menu.

The same information is also published as a warthog_msgs\Status message on the Status topic.

From your desktop, you can also launch the standard RQT Robot Monitor. This will report the diagnostic output from Warthog's self-monitoring capabilities, as shown in the figure below.

rosrun rqt_robot_monitor rqt_robot_monitor
Robot Monitor

Driving Warthog

There are three ways to drive Warthog and each way will work on a physical Warthog robot as well as on a simulated Warthog.

  1. Using the interactive remote controller in RViz. See Simulating Warthog.
  2. Using the controller for teleoperation. See below.
  3. Publishing ROS messages. See below.

Warthog is capable of reaching high speeds. Careless driving can cause harm to the operator, bystanders, the robot, or other property. Always remain vigilant, ensure you have a clear line of sight to the robot, and operate the robot at safe speeds. The maximum speed is controllable through a dial on the Fubata controller; we strongly recommend setting the maximum speed to a low value for initial driving tests and only setting maximum speed to a high value in open areas that are free of people and obstacles.

Pinch Points

Refer to Pinch Points for pinch points on the Warthog that should be avoided during operation.

Driving with Remote Controller

Warthog uses a standard Futaba remote control radio transmitter. To operate the remote, first power it on by sliding the power switch to the ON position, as indicated in the image below.

Fubata Controller

To drive the Warthog, the spring-loaded deadman switch in the upper-right corner must be held down. Releasing this switch will prevent the robot from moving.

The lever on the left controls the robot's speed and the lever on the right controls the robot's rotation.

Driving with ROS Messages

You can manually publish geometry_msgs/Twist ROS messages to either the /warthog_velocity_controller/cmd_vel or the /cmd_vel ROS topics to drive Warthog.

For example, in terminal, run:

rostopic pub /warthog_velocity_controller/cmd_vel geometry_msgs/Twist '{linear: {x: 0.5, y: 0.0, z: 0.0}, angular: {x: 0.0, y: 0.0, z: 0.0}}'

The command above makes Warthog drive forward momentarily at 0.5 m/s without any rotation.

Extending Warthog Startup

Now that you've had Warthog for a while, you may be interested in how to extend it, perhaps add some more payloads, or augment the URDF.

Startup Launch Context

When ROS packages are grouped together in a directory and then built as one, the result is referred to as a workspace. Each workspace generates a setup.bash file which the user may source in order to correctly set up important environment variables such as PATH, PYTHONPATH, and CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH.

The standard system-wide setup file is in /opt:

source /opt/ros/noetic/setup.bash

When you run this command, you'll have access to rosrun, roslaunch, and all the other tools and packages installed on your system from Debian packages.

However, sometimes you want to add additional system-specific environment variables, or perhaps packages built from source. For this reason, Clearpath platforms use a wrapper setup file, located in /etc/ros:

source /etc/ros/setup.bash

This is the setup file which gets sourced by Warthog's background launch job, and in the default configuration, it is also sourced on your login session. For this reason it can be considered the "global" setup file for Warthog's ROS installation.

This file sets some environment variables and then sources a chosen ROS workspace, so it is one of your primary modification points for altering how Warthog launches.

Launch Files

The second major modification point is the /etc/ros/noetic/ros.d directory. This location contains the launch files associated with the ros background job. If you add launch files here, they will be launched with Warthog's startup.

However, it's important to note that in the default configuration, any launch files you add may only reference ROS software installed in /opt/ros/noetic. If you want to launch something from workspace in the home directory, you must change /etc/ros/setup.bash to source that workspace's setup file rather than the one from /opt.

Adding URDF

There are two possible approaches to augmenting Warthog's URDF. The first is that you may simply set the Warthog_URDF_EXTRAS environment variable in /etc/ros/setup.bash. By default, it points to an empty dummy file, but you can point it to a file of additional links and joints which you would like mixed into Warthog's URDF (via xacro) at runtime.

The second, more sophisticated way to modify the URDF is to create a new package for your own robot, and build your own URDF which wraps the one provided by warthog_description.

Keeping Warthog Updated

For details on updating Warthog software or firmware, refer to Software Maintenance.

Warthog Tests

Warthog robots come preinstalled with a set of test scripts as part of the warthog_tests ROS package, which can be run to verify robot functionality at the component and system levels.

If your Warthog does not have the warthog_tests ROS package installed already, you can manually install it by opening terminal and running:

sudo apt-get install ros-noetic-warthog-tests

ROS Tests

The ros_tests script exposes a set of interactive tests to verify the functionality of core features. These tests run at the ROS-level via ROS topics, and serve as a useful robot-level diagnostic tool for identifying the root cause of problems, or at the very least, narrowing down on where the root cause(s) may be.

Running ROS Tests

To run ros_tests on a Warthog robot, open terminal and run:

rosrun warthog_tests ros_tests

Upon running ros_tests, a list of available tests will be shown in a menu. From the menu, you can choose individual tests to run, or simply choose the option to automatically run all the tests.

The details of each test are shown below.

  • Lighting Test

    The Lighting Test checks that the robot's lights are working properly.

    This test turns the lights off, red, green, and blue (in order) by publishing lighting commands to the /cmd_lights ROS topic. The user will be asked to verify that the lights change to the expected colours.

  • Motion Stop Test

    The Motion Stop Test checks that the robot's motion-stop is working properly.

    This test subscribes to the /mcu/status ROS topic and checks that when the motion-stop is manually engaged by the user, the motion-stop state is correctly reported on the /mcu/status ROS topic. The user will be asked to verify that the lights flash red while the motion-stop is engaged.

  • ADC Test

    The ADC Test checks that the robot's voltage and current values across its internal hardware components are within expected tolerances.

    This test subscribes to the /mcu/status ROS topic and checks that the voltage and current values across the internal hardware are within expected tolerances.

  • Rotate Test

    The Rotate Test rotates the robot counter clockwise 2 full revolutions and checks that the motors, IMU, and EKF odometry are working properly.

    This test:

    • Subscribes to the /imu/data ROS topic to receive angular velocity measurements from the IMU's Gyroscope. These measurements are converted into angular displacement estimations, and the robot will rotate until 2 full revolutions are estimated.
    • Subscribes to the /odometry/filtered ROS topic to receive angular velocity estimations from the EKF odometry. These measurements are converted into angular displacement estimations, and are output as comparison to the angular displacement estimations from the IMU's Gyroscope.
    • Publishes to the /cmd_vel ROS topic to send drive commands to rotate the robot.
    • The user will be asked to verify that the robot rotates 2 full revolutions.

    The Rotate Test rotates the robot using the IMU's Gyroscope data, which inherently will not be 100% accurate. Therefore, some undershoot/overshoot is to be expected.

  • Drive Test

    The Drive Test drives the robot forward 1 metre and checks that the motors, encoders, and encoder-fused odometry are working properly.

    This test:

    • Subscribes to the /warthog_velocity_controller/odom ROS topic to receive linear displacement estimations from the encoder-fused odometry. The robot will drive forward until 1 metre is estimated.
    • Subscribes to the /joint_state ROS topic to receive linear displacement measurements from individual the encoders. These measurements are output as comparison to the linear displacement estimations from the encoder-fused odometry.
    • Publishes to the /cmd_vel ROS topic to send drive commands to drive the robot.
    • The user will be asked to verify that the robot drives forward 1 metre.

    The Drive Test drives the robot using the Odometry data, which inherently will not be 100% accurate. Therefore, some undershoot/overshoot is to be expected.

CAN Bus Test

The check_can_bus_interface script checks that communication between the motors, encoders, robot's MCU, and robot's computer are working properly over the CAN bus interface.

This script verifies that the can0 interface is detected and activated, then proceeds to check the output of candump to verify that good CAN packets are being transmitted.

Running CAN Bus Test

To run the check_can_bus_interface script on a Warthog robot, open terminal and run:

rosrun warthog_tests check_can_bus_interface

Advanced Topics

Configuring the Network Bridge

Your computer is configured to bridge its physical network ports together. This allows any network port to be used as a connection to the internal network for connecting sensors, diagnostic equipment, or manipulators, or for connecting the your robot to the internet for the purposes of installing updates.

In the unlikely event you must modify your robot's Ethernet bridge, you can do so by editing the configuration file found at /etc/netplan/50-clearpath-bridge.yaml:

# Configure the wired ports to form a single bridge
# We assume wired ports are en* or eth*
# This host will have address

version: 2
renderer: networkd
dhcp4: no
dhcp6: no
name: eth*
dhcp4: no
dhcp6: no
name: en*
dhcp4: yes
dhcp6: no
interfaces: [bridge_en, bridge_eth]

This file will create a bridged interface called br0 that will have a static address of, but will also be able to accept a DHCP lease when connected to a wired router. By default, all network ports named en* and eth* are added to the bridge. This includes all common wired port names, such as: eth0, eno1, enx0123456789ab, enp3s0, etc.

To include/exclude additional ports from the bridge, edit the match fields, or add additional bridge_* sections with their own match fields, and add those interfaces to the interfaces: [bridge_en, bridge_eth] line near the bottom of the file.

We do not recommend changing the static address of the bridge to be anything other than; changing this may cause sensors that communicate over Ethernet (e.g. lidars, cameras, GPS arrays) from working properly.


See also Network IP Addresses for common IP addresses on Clearpath robots.

Additional Simulation Worlds

In addtion to the default warthog_world.launch file, warthog_gazebo contains three additional launch files:

  • empty_world.launch, which spawns Warthog in a featureless, infinite plane;
  • warthog_race.launch, which spawns a world with lots of linear barriers; and
  • spawn_warthog.launch, which is intended to be included in any custom world to add a Warthog simulation to it.

To add a Warthog to any of your own worlds, simply include the spawn_warthog.launch file in your own world's launch:

<include file="$(find warthog_gazebo)/launch/spawn_warthog.launch">
<!-- Optionally configure the spawn position -->
<arg name="x" value="$(arg x)"/>
<arg name="y" value="$(arg y)"/>
<arg name="z" value="$(arg z)"/>
<arg name="yaw" value="$(arg yaw)"/>

Finally, Clearpath provides an additional suite of simulation environments that can be downloaded separately and used with Warthog, as described below.

Clearpath Gazebo Worlds

The Clearpath Gazebo Worlds collection contains 4 different simulation worlds, representative of different environments our robots are designed to operate in:

  • Inspection World: a hilly outdoor world with water and a cave
  • Agriculture World: a flat outdoor world with a barn, fences, and solar farm
  • Office World: a flat indoor world with enclosed rooms and furniture
  • Construction World: office world, under construction with small piles of debris and partial walls

Warthog is supported in Inspection and Agriculture Worlds.


To download the Clearpath Gazebo Worlds, clone the repository from github into the same workspace as your Warthog:

cd ~/catkin_ws/src
git clone

Before you can build the package, make sure to install dependencies. Because Clearpath Gazebo Worlds depends on all of our robot's simulation packages, and some of these are currently only available as source code, installing dependencies with rosdep install --from-paths [...] will likely fail.

To simulate Warthog in the Office and Construction worlds the only additional dependency is the gazebo_ros package.

Once the dependencies are installed, you can build the package:

cd ~/catkin_ws
source devel/setup.bash

Running the Inspection Simulation

Inspection World is a hilly, outdoor world that includes a water feature, bridge, pipeline, small cave/mine, and a small solar farm. It is intended to simulate a variety of missions, including pipeline inspection, cave/underground navigation, and localization on non-planar terrain.

Warthog driving over the bridge in the inspection world

To launch the inspection simulation, run

roslaunch cpr_inspection_gazebo inspection_world.launch platform:=warthog

To customize Warthog's payload, for example to add additional sensors, see Customizing Warthog's Payload.

Once the simulation is running you can use RViz and other tools as described in Simulating Warthog to control and monitor the robot. For example, below we can see Warthog exploring the cave:

Warthog exploring the cave

and Warthog's perception of the inside of the cave as a 3D pointcloud in RViz:

Warthog in RViz exploring the cave

You can see the complete layout of the Inspection World below:

Inspection World

Running the Agriculture Simulation

Agriculture World is a flat, mixed indoor/outdoor world that include a large barn, open fields surrounded by fences, and a large solar farm. It is intended to simulate missions such as solar panel inspection and area coverage.

Warthog in the agriculture world

To launch the agriculture simulation, run

roslaunch cpr_agriculture_gazebo agriculture_world.launch platform:=warthog

To customize Warthog's payload, for example to add additional sensors, see Customizing Warthog's Payload.

Once the simulation is running you can use RViz and other tools as described in Simulating Warthog to control and monitor the robot.

Agriculture World

Customizing Warthog's Payload

To customize Warthog's payload you must use the environment variables described in Environment Variables.

You can add additional sensors by creating a customized URDF and setting the WARTHOG_URDF_EXTRAS environment variable to point to it.

For example, let's suppose you want to equip Warthog with an Intel RealSense D435 camera. First, install the realsense2_camera and realsense2_description packages, along with the gazebo plugins:

sudo apt-get install ros-$ROS_DISTRO-realsense2-camera ros-$ROS_DISTRO-realsense2-description ros-$ROS_DISTRO-gazebo-plugins

Then create your customized URDF file, for example $HOME/Desktop/realsense.urdf.xacro. Put the following in it:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<robot xmlns:xacro="">

<link name="front_realsense" />

The gazebo plugin aligns the depth data with the Z axis, with X=left and Y=up
ROS expects the depth data along the X axis, with Y=left and Z=up
This link only exists to give the gazebo plugin the correctly-oriented frame
<link name="front_realsense_gazebo" />
<joint name="front_realsense_gazebo_joint" type="fixed">
<parent link="front_realsense"/>
<child link="front_realsense_gazebo"/>
<origin xyz="0.0 0 0" rpy="-1.5707963267948966 0 -1.5707963267948966"/>

<gazebo reference="front_realsense">
<sensor type="depth" name="front_realsense_depth">
<!-- 75x65 degree FOV for the depth sensor -->

<!-- give the color sensor a maximum range of 50m so that the simulation renders nicely -->
<plugin name="kinect_controller" filename="">

<link name="front_realsense_lens">
<origin xyz="0.02 0 0" rpy="${pi/2} 0 ${pi/2}" />
<mesh filename="package://realsense2_description/meshes/d435.dae" />
<material name="white" />

<joint type="fixed" name="front_realsense_lens_joint">
<!-- Offset the camera to the front edge of the robot -->
<origin xyz="0.60 0 0.01" rpy="0 0 0" />
<parent link="top_chassis_link" />
<child link="front_realsense_lens" />
<joint type="fixed" name="front_realsense_joint">
<origin xyz="0.025 0 0" rpy="0 0 0" />
<parent link="front_realsense_lens" />
<child link="front_realsense" />

This file defines the additional links for adding a RealSense camera to the robot, as well as configuring the openni_kinect plugin for Gazebo to simulate data from a depth camera. The camera itself will be connected to the Warthog's top_chassis_link link, offset 62.5 cm towards the front of the robot.

Now, set the WARTHOG_URDF_EXTRAS environment variable and try viewing the Warthog model:

export WARTHOG_URDF_EXTRAS=$HOME/Desktop/realsense.urdf.xacro
roslaunch warthog_viz view_model.launch

You should see the Warthog model in RViz, with the RealSense camera mounted to it:

Warthog with a RealSense D435 connected to it

To launch the customized Warthog in any of the new simulation environments, similarly run:

export WARTHOG_URDF_EXTRAS=$HOME/Desktop/realsense.urdf.xacro
roslaunch cpr_inspection_gazebo inspection_world.launch platform:=warthog

You should see Warthog spawn in the office world with the RealSense camera:

Warthog in Inspection cave

You can view the sensor data from the RealSense camera by running

roslaunch warthog_viz view_robot.launch

and adding the camera & pointcloud from the /realsense/color/image_raw and /realsense/depth/color/points topics:

Warthog with a RealSense in RViz showing pointcloud data


Clearpath is committed to your success. Please get in touch with us and we will do our best to get you rolling again quickly:

To get in touch with a salesperson regarding Clearpath Robotics products, please email

If you have an issue that is specifically about ROS and is something which may be of interest to the broader community, consider asking it on If you do not get a satisfactory response, please ping us and include a link to your question as posted there. If appropriate, we will answer in the ROS Answers context for the benefit of the community.